Constables are certified peace officers; they have the same enforcement powers as other peace officers, as defined by the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure Article 2.12. They often participate actively in criminal investigations and assist other law enforcement agencies.
In many communities, constables focus on truancy cases and work closely with their courts. In addition to performing traditional law enforcement functions, the constable also serves as bailiff for the justice courts and serves subpoenas and papers necessary to the functioning of both the civil and criminal justice systems.
The constable also plays an important role in making sure the judgments rendered in civil cases are satisfied. The constable also must keep accounts of the financial transactions of the office and is responsible for property seized or money collected through law enforcement action or by court order.
Constables’ offices vary in size, from one to over 400 employees, and their responsibilities to the community likewise vary depending on the needs of their community.
As with all elected county officials, the constable has ultimate authority over the operations of the office, including the authority to hire and fire personnel and direct their daily activities. The constable also has authority to determine how to use all other resources allocated to the office during the budget process.